Bankruptcy – You may apply for a FHA insured loan after your bankruptcy has been discharged for TWO (2) years with a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy. You may apply for a FHA insured loan after your bankruptcy has been discharged for ONE (1) year with a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy
Foreclosure – You may apply for a FHA insured loan THREE (3) years after the sale/deed transfer date.
Short Sale / Deed in Lieu – You may apply for a FHA insured loan THREE (3) years after the sale date of your foreclosure. FHA treats a short sale the same as a Foreclosure for now.
Credit must be re-established with a 640 minimum credit score
Application Date must be after the above waiting period to be eligible for FHA financing after hardship.
2015 VA Guidelines
Bankruptcy Ch 7 – You may apply for a VA guaranteed loan TWO (2) years after a chapter 7 Bankruptcy
Bankruptcy Ch 13 – If you have finished making all payments satisfactorily, the lender may conclude that you have reestablished satisfactory credit.
If you have satisfactorily made at least 12 months worth of the payments and the Trustee or the Bankruptcy Judge approves of the new credit, the lender may give favorable consideration.
Foreclosure – You may apply for a VA guaranteed loan TWO (2) years after a foreclosure
Short Sale / Deed in Lieu – You may apply for a VA guaranteed loan TWO (2) years after a short sale, unless it was a VA loan then restrictions apply
Credit must be re-established with a minimum 620 credit score
Application Date must be after the above waiting period to be eligible for VA financing after hardship.
2015 USDA Guidelines
Bankruptcy – You may apply for a USDA rural loan THREE (3) years after the discharge of a Chapter 7 or 13 Bankruptcy
Foreclosure – You may apply for a USDA rural loan THREE (3) years after a Foreclosure
Short Sale / Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure – If you had big issues the deed in lieu of foreclosure will be viewed as a foreclosure and you would want to wait no less than 3 years if the score is under 640. Over 640 your UW will make the call but typically not less than one year.
UPDATED 12/2014 – Mortgage debt included in Bankruptcy will go by BK discharge date, and subsequent foreclosure, short sale, or deed in lieu of foreclosure will not count as an additional waiting period, as long as you are off title for any defaulted mortgages.
Date of Credit Approval must be after the above waiting period to be eligible for USDA financing after hardship.
2015 Conventional (Fannie Mae) – UPDATED 12/2014
Bankruptcy – You may apply for a Conventional, Fannie Mae loan after your Chapter 7 bankruptcy has been discharged for FOUR (4) years, TWO (2) years from the discharge of a Chapter 13
Foreclosure – You may apply for a Conventional, Fannie Mae loan SEVEN (7) years after the sale date of your foreclosure. Additional qualifying requirements may apply,
Short Sale / Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure –
UPDATED – Effective 7/29/2014: Waiting period for subsequent foreclosure that was included in Bankruptcy is waived. If mortgage is included in Bankruptcy, waiting period defaults to FOUR (4) from the discharge date.
UPDATED – Effective 8/16/2014: Short Sale or Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure not included in a Bankruptcy has a new Waiting Period of FOUR (4) years from date your name is removed from title. This replaces the ability to buy in 24 months with 20% down payment and minimum 680 credit score.
SEVEN (7) Years above 90% Loan to Value | with less than 10% Down Payment – Subject to Private Mortgage Insurance underwriting guidelines.
Credit must be re-established with a minimum 620 credit score.
Fannie Mae has reduced waiting periods in cases of extenuating circumstances – The death of a primary wage earner seems to be the only one I have been able to identify up to this point.
Date of Credit Report must be after the above waiting period to be eligible for Conventional financing after hardship.
2014 Jumbo Mortgage Guidelines
Bankruptcy – You may apply for a Jumbo mortgage loan once any chapter of bankruptcy has been discharged for FOUR (4) years, FIVE (5) years if multiple bankruptcy occurs on credit profile.
Foreclosure – You may apply for a Jumbo mortgage loan SEVEN (7) years after the sale date of your foreclosure. Additional qualifying requirements may apply,
Short Sale / Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure – You may apply for a Jumbo mortgage loan:
FOUR (4) Years from Short Sale or Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure with Maximum 80% Loan to Value
NOTE: If hardship is the result of an extenuating circumstance, waiting periods may be reduced. Contact lender for details.
I have posted before with my circumstances and I think I am correct in my assumptions. Has a Chapter 7 discharged in August of 2012, subsequent short sale on May of 2014. Mortgage was included in BK and not reaffirmed. I am trying to get a USDA loan this year (August) since the 3 year waiting period for BK will be over. I was pre-approved for 250K in lenders GUS but they are not giving final approval as they are saying there is grey area as to whether they can go with BK date or they have to go with short-sale date. I read the guideline posted on your website and even though it can be interpreted as grey area, it seems like the section dealing with BK would override the section dealing with short sales towards the end of the guideline. It would seem to me that the section dealing with short sales is geared to people who just did short sales without prior bankruptcy issues. It looks like the vendor is not getting much help from USDA either as they are not providing concrete answers. I feel like I should be able to get the loan based on the interpretation of the rule. Let me know what you think and if I should just try a different lender. I live in PA. Thank you in advance.
@Stencraft I think you're going to have challenges finding any lender that has experience with this, but I think you should try, what can it hurt? I completely understand the "grey area part, they leave the decision up to lender discretion. If you're looking for lender alternatives, find a direct lender that sells to GinnieMae. Ginnie is the Government National Mortgage Association, and in short, securitizes government loans as mortgage backed securities. This lender would have more of a direct line possibly for answering getting answers to these types of questions. This is considered an "out of the box" deal, and you just need to find someone that will fight for you.
Thank you Scott, I am already working with another lender who thinks I have a better chance with their UW team. How can I find out if a lender sells direct to GinnyMae? Is this information readily available or would I have to find out from the lender direct. Thank you again for your helpful advise
Hi! It's been 6 years since our home was included in our bankruptcy. We have continued to live in it and make payments on it until finally selling it this past February. We're looking to purchase again in the next 6-12 months. Would we qualify as first time buyers?
Our mortgage loan was included in our bankruptcy that was finally completed in November of 2013. We DID NOT reaffirm the loan but have still been iiving in the residence and paying the mortgage. We have a COE for a VA loan...if we did a short sale on the home or a deed in lieu would be able to get a mortgage in November of 2015 or would it be another two years from that date? I am so confused and would love to be out of this nightmare! Thanks for any advice offered....
@dancincoop85 The waiting period depends on what type of loan you are trying to qualify for - in this case, if you are trying to qualify for a VA loan, the waiting period is only 2 years for BK, short sale, or deed in lieu. Unfortunately, these are considered separate events, with separate waiting periods.
If you do a short sale, or deed in lieu on your current home, you would have a waiting period of 2 years that would start from the date your name was removed from title.
Conventional financing allows you to buy in 4 years from the discharge of a BK7 (2 years from a BK 13), and you can ignore any foreclosure, short sale, or deed in lieu that happened after the fact, as long as your name is removed from title.
We filed for Ch 7 bankruptcy and was discharged May 2012 which it included our 1 st and 2nd mortgages. We are currently off the title so the house is not in our name any more which happened Sept 2013 due to our HOA foreclosing on it and auctioning it off. Our credit report shows our mortgage companies as accts closed due to bankruptcy. Our credit scores are about 700 and we make about $130,000 a year. We would like to purchase a home this fall with a VA loan since my husband is a disabled Vet. We live in Las Vegas. Do you see any problems for us to qualify? The only loan we have is an auto loan for $32,000 which we took out about a year ago. Any advice would be great.
Hi Scott, My name is Cheryl. I was on a VA loan and divorce. Consequently I filed a chapter 7 bankruptcy that was discharge Feb 2013. I had medical bills and sickness and loss of income over 65%. I have recovered and have paid credit cards on time, auto vehicle payments on time. My credit score is 720 as on 5/2015. Can I buy a home by myself. My income is 45,000. no dependents and all major credit cards are paid in full. I live in Georgia. If so what kind of loan am I able to get by myself. Ive never bought a home by myself. Thanks Cheryl
@CRoxy12 Hi Cheryl, thank you for your question. There are many factors that go into qualifying for a loan. Based on the information you've provided, you could be eligible for FHA financing 2 years from the discharge of a BK.
The real question that will give you the biggest challenge is, what happened to the VA loan that you were on? I assume the mortgage was discharged in the BK, what happened with the mortgage? Was there a short sale, deed in lieu, or foreclosure? Or, do you still own the home?
Unfortunately, I cannot lend in Georgia myself. I do have several friends that are lenders that I would feel comfortable sharing their contact information.
I'm having difficulties identifying when my official 3yr waiting period starts to qualify for a FHA loan. Previously you stated that it was the date the my name was off the title and back into the banks. It was a long drawn out process after we got the bank to accept the DIL to when it actually "finalized". I checked the county records and there was a receipt date of 5/7/2013 and a transfer date of 8/13/12. I'm hoping it's the latter since that's when the DIL paperwork was signed.
My credit score has recovered to 730+ however, the amount of the 2nd mortgage remains as a blemish as a serious delinquency...will that go away when the 3yr time period hits? If not, will underwriters approve loans on the basis of the FHA guidelines of the 3yr time lapse?
@daveko The waiting period begins from the date that your name was removed from title. You should see the transfer from your name, to the bank’s name on the chain of title. That’s what you’re looking at. As long as your name is on title, you own the home. As soon as your name is removed, you are no longer the owner of record, and the waiting period can begin.
If trying to qualify for FHA financing, you must wait for 3 years from the date your name was removed from title. If the mortgage was included in a Bankruptcy, it’s possible for that timeline to be shortened.
Just a quick question regarding your answer above. Has anything changed in FHA guidelines with respect to having your mortgage included in Chapter 7 bankruptcy and the waiting periods. I was under the impression that it was still 3 years from date of short-sale once your name was off title. You are saying that it might be possible to shorten that period now or is that in relation to the "extenuating circumstances" clause. Thank you.
@Stencraft@ScottSchang@daveko Thank you for the question, and allowing me to clarify - If the mortgage was included in the BK, then we have the option of looking into conventional financing that may allow us to use the BK discharged date, and ignore the subsequent DIL.
FHA requires separate waiting periods for BK and DIL. Getting an extenuating circumstances exception on FHA is very, very challenging. I've pretty much only seen death, or permanent disability of primary wage earner accepted as an acceptable circumstance.
Thanks for quick response Scott. My Chapter 7 was discharged in August of 2012 and my short sale was completed in May of 2014. Mortgage was included in bankruptcy. Would this make me eligible for conventional now? Credit score of 700+ and no late payments or derogatory items for the last 3 years.
I did a DIL in February because I was underwater and had to move away for a job. My credit is surprizingly still good. Am I reading correctly that I might be able to get a USDA loan now? Thanks for your help.
I had a house sell at auction almost exactly four years ago. Currently, I think we a stuck waiting for 3 more years to get a conventional loan. My question is this (I don't want to do anything illegal or unethical) - is there any way that my wife (who was not listed on the foreclosure) could apply for a mortgage and use my income but not my name/SSN/foreclosure history?
@Ababa11 This is not a stupid question at all, as a matter of fact, I get it a lot. Unfortunately not. However, have you considered purchasing with a FHA loan now (3 years after foreclosure), and refinance into a conventional loan once you're eligible?
My husband and I went through Chap 7 BK March 2012 which included our mortgage. We are now getting divorced and the home in currently in foreclosure, not sure when that will be completed. I would like to buy a home once the divorce is completed and the 4 year waiting period is over, so March 2016. Will I be able to qualify for any type of mortgage if the foreclosure has not been completed or do I have to wait to apply for mortgage once the foreclosure has been completed?
@Tiff5150@ScottSchang Yes, that's correct. BK only protects you from a deficiency judgement, it does not affect your ownership, or your responsibility for the mortgage. Technically, even though there is no "credit penalty" if you foreclose, you are in default on a home that you still own. That needs to be cleared up (either foreclosed, or caught up on payments) before you would be able to apply for financing.
As long as the mortgage was discharged in the BK, you can use Conventional financing in 4 years from the discharge date of the BK. If using FHA financing, the waiting period starts from the date of the foreclosure (3 years).
@ecspringer The waiting period begins from the date that you name was removed from title, and put in the bank's name. If buying using Conventional financing, the wait is 4 years. If buying using a FHA mortgage, the wait is 3 years.
@tpagan78 Great question - Fannie Mae changed it's waiting period guidelines in August 2014 to state that if a mortgage debt is included in bankruptcy, and a default happened afterwards, you could use the Bankruptcy waiting period, and you can disregard the waiting period for the default. That would put you 4 years from the discharge date, and it sounds like you're sitting at 3 years.
FHA or VA financing is going to impose a 3 year waiting period for FHA, 2 for VA, starting from the date your name was removed from title through short sale, deed in lieu, or foreclosure.
Right now, you're a year out. That's plenty of time to get your finances, and credit, and down payment together!
@ChristineYeringtonWalls@ScottSchang@tpagan78 If you can sell the home for what it's worth, that's neither a short sale, or deed in lieu of foreclosure! If you cannot net enough to cover all of the liens, then the bank might dictate which they prefer - short sale, or DIL. Most banks will require that you try to short sell the home before they will allow a deed in lieu. Some banks will just offer a DIL out of the gates.
Including a mortgage in bankruptcy does not mean that you cannot go into default. You are still the owner of the home, and If you continue to make the payments, you can stay in the home. If you stop making payments, the loan will go into default, and the lender can foreclose. That's what I mean by default.
If you can sell and pay the lender the full amount owed, you're golden!
Hi I am in Thornton Co. We r looking to buy again after loosing our home 4- 5 years ago. short sale started 2010 finished in 2011. We have been renting and have paid on time. our rent is 1,400. our credit we all checked r in the 60's. husbands 621,625. mine, 620, 640, and my daughters is the highest at 653 and 669. She will be living with us. Do you think we have a good chance of buying a house . the interests rates r so low . and our rent id ridiculous! We might only have 1,000 or 2 to put for down payment.
My ex-wife is on the loan to the home I still live in and I pay her rent for the mortgage. My name is still on the title of the house and now the problem... She has only been paying principle and interest and not taxes. We were going to split the equity when the house was sold and now she tells me that she might have to have the house foreclosed or she might claim bankruptcy because she can't afford to make-up delinquent payments. I wanted to buy a small house with a VA loan but will I now be able to because of the disclosure form I have to sign about foreclosure. Because there won't be much equity left over after the bank gets through with it, can I quit claim my name off the deed to the mortgage company so that I'm not involved in the foreclosure, or am I screwed!
I co signed for my father's home 13 years ago. He passd away November 2013. I did everything I could to save the home but I was not able to. The house foreclosed in September 2014. I live in Nashville TN and the rental properties has double and even triple in most places.It is expensive to rent anything here. I'd rather buy a home instead. My credit score did take a hit but now it's in the low 600's. I have maintained a job for 19 years straight. I spoke with FHA and was told due to the circumstances of my father's death I may be able to work with a lender. Could you please tell me what can I do to purchase a home?
@renee225 This is a going to be a bit of a challenge. It sounds like the advice you were given is considering this an extenuating circumstance. You are going to need to speak with a few lender before one of them knows how to navigate through this challenge. Worse case scenario, you may have a waiting period before you are eligible to buy again, and that will most likely be an underwriter's call.
@tbradford28 Yes, it sounds like you meet the Fannie Mae guidelines which would allow you to use a 4 year waiting period from the discharge of the BK, with no additional timeline for the foreclosure that took place after the discharge. I have encountered many lenders that are not familiar with this guideline. If you're in CA, I can help, if not, I might be able to recommend someone if you encounter challenges finding a lender that can help.
I had to short-sale my home in Dec 2013 so my son could go to a special education school in another town. I am now wanting to build a home on a lot I recently purchased. How long do I have to wait to get a mortgage? I am getting different answers... very frustrating
@Tisha Markette Hi Tisha, If there was no Bankruptcy involved, the guidelines for buying after a short sale will depend on the type of loan you are applying for.
There is a 4 year waiting period to use Fannie Mae, conventional financing, 3 year wait to use FHA or USDA, and a 2 year wait if using a VA mortgage.
If you are looking for a loan to do ground up construction, that is a specialized type of financing that is not securitized the way that Fannie,FHA,USDA or VA is - and those specialized lenders will have their own guidelines. They may also be more lenient in considering the reason for your short sale than standard financing would allow.
@Tisha Markette@ScottSchang Not that I know of Tisha. It's a very specialized type of financing that will most likely be offered regionally. I would start by asking a local real estate office maybe? One that specializes in selling land? They might have a referral for you.